Know Your Pest

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Moth Carpet Bettle Silver Fish Rat Ants Flys Spider Cockroach Pigeon Lizard Termite Woodborer Bedbugs Mosquito

ANT
Loading... Depending on the species, thousands of ants can live with one or several queens in colonies. More than 6000 ant species are known. From a human viewpoint the queen is no more than a machine for laying eggs. She has an entourage of special workers and soldiers, who look after the larvae and protect the colony.
Ants generally feed on protein-rich and sugar-containing substances.
The pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis) is found very often in the walls of houses and find their way into the house through small cracks and joints. Since they like warmth, colonies only occur in warm places .The pharaoh ant workers grow up to 2 to 2.5 mm in length. They eat both sweet and protein-rich foods and organic waste as well. In hospitals particularly there is the danger of the pharaoh ants spreading germs of all kinds, since they also have an appetite for used bandages. They are also a hazard in commercial kitchens, bakeries, etc.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Seal up all cracks and holes in walls
  • Get rid of the targets of the ant routes (for example food and waste)
  • Pour boiling water over the nests
  • Use insecticides (Ant Bait Station, Ant Powder, Crawling Insect  Spray)

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BED BUGS
Loading... Bed-bugs are usually found in unhygienic conditions inside bedrooms as their name implies. They have a flattened appearance before a blood feed and are about five millimeters long with the look of a rather wide flea, reddish brown in color. 

They hide under the buttons and increases of old mattresses, behind wallpaper, skirting boards and cracks in the floor. They are wingless so they can’t fly or jump like the flea. They are active during the night and have been known to drop from ceilings onto beds. 

They can survive without a blood feed for up to a year. Bites can cause welts to appear on the skin with three rows of puncture marks being characteristic. Itchiness and irritation affect some people more than others.
Bed bugs are flat, reddish-brown, oval insects about 3/16-inch long or the size of an apple seed. Swollen and reddish after a blood meal.  They feed on human blood and other warm-blooded hosts. They are oval in shape and grow up to 4-5mm long when fully grown. Their skin color is rust brown to a deeper red brown. Bed bugs are also known as “mahogany flats”, “red coats” and “chinches.” The adult bed bug does not have any wings and has a flattened body.
They can hide in your luggage, personal belongings, or even on you, and hitchhike a ride back to your home, condo, townhouse or apartment. Once indoors, they can be extremely difficult to eradicate without the help of an experienced pest control professional.

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Loading...CARPET BEETLE
Anthrenus scrophulariae is often mistaken for a ladybird when it feasts on pollen and nectar in the summer. The common carpet beetle is reddish brown with black and white spots and is only 4 mm long. The females fly into people's homes or into storerooms, where they lay around 20 eggs on various materials. The larvae hatch after only a few days. They have hair bristles on their bodies that contain poison. Since they are not fond of the light, they often settle away from their feeding sites in cracks and crevices. It takes just under a year for the larvae to develop into beetles.
The larvae of the carpet beetle like to feed on dry animal products such as woollen textiles and furs. They also eat away at insect collections and stuffed animals, and can cause major damage to valuable collections.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Larvae on the wall should be wiped off with a cloth or removed using a vacuum cleaner
  • Infested textiles should be brushed out, beaten, washed, cleaned or ironed
  • These pests can be destroyed by very hot or cold temperatures
  • Beetles on windows indoors should simply be moved outdoors
  • Insecticides to be sprayed.

The basis rule is:
Regularly air and thoroughly vacuum carpets, taking care not to forget poorly accessible places

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Loading...COCKROACH
Cockroaches, which hide in small cracks or crevices during the daytime, can reach lengths of 18 to 60 mm depending on species. They feed omnivorously on various organic substances, including tissue, leather and paper.
The German cockroach (Blatella germanica) is very common, and usually encountered in houses. It is relatively small and has a short life cycle of 3 to 8 months, depending on temperature. The German cockroach females carry their packages of 20 to 40 eggs with them for about 4 to 5 weeks, and then lay the eggs randomly shortly before hatching. The larvae shed their skins several times, and gradually resemble adult cockroaches more and more closely, only they are smaller and have no wings.
Cockroaches can be carriers of a high number of bacterial and viral diseases such as diarrhoea, leprosy, catarrhal colitis, infectious hepatitis, anthrax, salmonellosis, tuberculosis and fungus diseases (aspergillus flarus).
The cockroach's excrement, skin and vomit are responsible for allergies. House dust mites and cockroaches are the commonest cause of insect allergies.
Cockroaches like e.g. the Oriental Cockroach (Blatta orientalis) and American Cockroach (Periplaneta americana) occur throughout the world, especially in tropical regions where the environment is humid and warm.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Avoid accumulating rubbish and rotting substances
  • Do not leave food or meals uncovered
  • Keep kitchens and cooking untensils clean
  • Use insecticides

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FLEA

The human flea (Pulex irritans), cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis) all cause fundamentally the same harm. One flea prefers humans, and the two others mainly infest cats and dogs.
Fleas grow to a maximum of 4 mm, are colored either dark- or red-brown and have strong jumping legs. They lay up to 400 eggs in the environment of their hosts. The breeding places are mainly dust and dirt accumulated in crevices, joints and corners.
The thread-like legless larvae are about 5 mm long. They feed on organic materials and the blood-containing excrement of grown fleas. The larvae are found in floor areas, for instance on carpets, under skirting boards and in cracks. They take about 7 to 18 days to develop. A generation of fleas lives for about four to six weeks.
Fleas cause painful bites on human, cats and dogs, and they suck their blood. The cat flea is most widespread, and it can temporarily transfer to humans. Fleas often bite several times in direct succession, until their appetite is satisfied. The itching often lasts for days and sometimes weeks. Fleas can also transmit tapeworms and cause allergies.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Pets, that is mainly cats and dogs, should be regularly de-infested
  • Flea hiding places should be vacuum-cleaned and suitably treated
  • Frequent vacuum cleaning and beating helps to stop flea larvae in carpets
  • Use insecticides (Crawling Insect Spray)

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FLY
Loading...Flies feed on various organic substances including excrement, and sweet and other foods.
They can reach a length of 7 to 14 mm, and reproduce in dry areas, with breeding promoted by warm temperatures.  Flies lay up to 2,000 eggs, mostly in manure, faeces, compost heaps and rubbish tips (the Musca domestica species), but also on protein-rich substances such as meat (the Calliphora vicina species). The eggs develop into white maggots, which can grow up to 12 mm long.
Their movement between bad meat, excrement and foods is not only unappetising, it also makes flies the transmitters of germs and a source of food contamination. As a result they can transfer pathogens for infectious diseases such as cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, salmonellosis, hepatitis and poliomyelitis.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Avoid accumulating rubbish and rotting substances
  • Do not leave food or meals uncovered
  • Keep kitchens and cooking untensils clean
  • Use insecticides (Fly Trap, Insect Strip, Flying Insect Spray)
  • Insect repellents provide sensible protection against biting flies (e. g. horseflies)

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LIZARD

Loading...MOSQUITO

Depending on the species mosquitoes can grow to 4 to 6 mm long. Only the females bite and suck blood, which they need for reproduction. The males do not bite. Usually the mosquito larvae grow in stagnant (dirty) and shallow water. Moisture and heat speed up the developing cycle of the larvae. Mosquitoes are mostly active in the time between dusk and dawn - on warm humid days in the afternoon as well. In the daytime they usually hide in moist shady places such as hedges and woodland, or in houses. They are responsible for transmitting the commonest infectious diseases throughout the world. Mosquito species such as Aedes, Anopheles and Culex are carriers of dangerous diseases such as yellow or dengue fever (Aedes), malaria, virus encephalitis, filariasis (Anopheles), meningitis and filaria (threadworm) diseases (Culex).

Preventive measures and controls

  • Avoid stagnant water in and around your house
  • Use a mosquito net during the night, and mosquito or fly gauze in windows and doors
  • Use insecticides.
  • Use mosquito repellents on your skin.

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Loading...MOTH
The clothes moth (Tineola bisselliella) is one of the most feared material pests. Its yellow-white larvae cause the actual damage to fabrics, furs and carpets. Above all clothing which has not been worn for some time is affected.
The clothes moth grows to about 4 to 9 mm long, and can easily be recognized from its shiny yellow front wings.
Another type of pest, the storage pest, is the food moth, such as the grain moth, which attacks stores of food. Their larvae eat round holes in grains of wheat, rice and maize. The larvae of the lead-grey flour moth (Ephestria kuehniella) also feed on flour products. Besides this they soil and spin webs on large quantities of food. A single female flour moth can lay 200 eggs up to four times per year.
The infested food is covered in a coating of white dust, tastes bitter, and may harm the health of humans and animals.

Preventive measures and controls

Clothes moths

  • Never leave clothing damp and/or uncleaned for a lengthy period in a cupboard.
  • Regularly vacuum-clean, brush or beat clothes.
  • Regularly vacuum-clean infested wardrobes, and as a preventive measure vacuum-clean thoroughly at least twice a year.
  • Lavender, cedar wood and ethereal oils are only of limited help. They may repel some of the moths, but they have no affect on the greedy larvae.
  • Use insecticides

Food moths

  • Never store flour, grain, dough and pastry in damp conditions
  • Thoroughly clean infested cupboards, including the shelves.
  • Use Insecticides

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PIGEON

Loading...RAT
Colour is usually brown with black intermixed to gray to black above with the underside white, gray or black. Muzzle is pointed, Ears are large. Tail is scaly and uniformly dark, longer than head and body combined. The droppings of the adult rat are upto 0.5" long spindle shaped with pointed end.
The roof rat requires 14-28 gms of food & about 30 ml of water each day, with water often coming from their food. This intake of food & water results in 30-180 droppings & approx 16ml of urine.
Habits:  Roof rats are primarily nocturnal in habit and they are very cautious. They are constantly exploring their surroundings and shy away from new objects & change. As their name indicates, Roof rats prefer to nest in the upper part of structures, but may also be found under buildings occasionaly in basements and sewers.
Roof rats eat anything, but never fruits, vegetable and cereals. If they find that a particular food material proves disagreeable, they are quick to develop food/bait shynes.
Control:  The key to any rat control program is Pest Identification, Sanitation, Harborage Elimination & Rat Proofing the Building. Some important things to remember are: (a) Rats defecate where they spend most of their time. Use the droppings as an indication to concentrate the control effort. (b) Rats travel 100-150 ft for food/water along established paths. Look for rub/swing marks.
Control methods include Toxic/Non toxic Tracking Powder, Baits, Traps, Glue Boards along established pathways, Gassing (fumigating) of burrows.

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Loading...SILVER FISH
Silver fish (Lepisma saccharina) have inhabited the earth for over 300 million years. They depend on high atmospheric humidity, and so usually occur in bathrooms, washing basements and damp storage rooms and pantries.
The insects are silver in colour and 10 mm to 12 mm long, and lay their eggs in cracks and crevices. They thrive best in temperatures between 25° and 30° Celsius, and cannot reproduce in a cold and dry environment. These light-shy, nimble and wingless insects live for up to four years.
Silver fish only cause trouble in large quantities. They prefer food containing starch such as glues, book bindings, starched fabrics and photographs. But they also damage leather articles and synthetic fabrics by gnawing and eating holes. The foods they infest usually contain sugar. In bathrooms they feed on hairs, skin scales and dirt.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Keep infested rooms cool and dry
  • Pour boiling water into bathtubs and sink drains
  • Vacuum-clean holes, crevices and cracks
  • Use insecticides

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SPIDER

Loading...TERMITE
Appearance:  Four "castes" of a termite colony:
Worker: approximately one-forth of an inch long, light colored, wingless;
Soldier: elongated head with mandibles;
Supplementary Reproductives: wingless or very short, non-functional wings; light colored;
Primary Reproductives: winged, and darker than other members; caste most often seen by homeowners.
Habits: Live in colonies underground, from which they build tunnels in search of food; able to reach food above the level of the ground by building mud tubes; dependent on moisture for survival. Their main diet consists of Wood and other cellulose material.
Reproduction: Different rates of growth from egg stage to adult depend on individual species; one queen per colony, which can lay tens of thousands of eggs in her lifetime, but most eggs are laid by supplementary reproductives in an established colony.
Termites rarely expose themselves to light. They Cause more damage to homes than storms and fire combined. Termite Colonies can contain up to 1,000,000 members. Termites will sometimes eat away the wooden structures in a house leaving the paint work intact.

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WASP
The common wasp (Paravespula vulgaris) have black and yellow stripes and grow about 2 cm long. The common wasp can be identified from the vertical line on its head shield. The common wasp's body is pointed. Its yellow colouring is not very vivid. Wasps live in nests made of a paper-like mass. The nests are only used for a year, and most of the insects die in October. Only the queens can survive through the winter, and this is why wasps are rare in spring. Most of the queen's eggs develop into worker wasps, which can then become real pests in the late summer and autumn. It is important to realise that wasps themselves also catch plenty of insects, in particular harmful ones, and feed them to their larvae. A wasp colony can destroy up to two kilograms of insects per day. Nevertheless in autumn the community has already broken down. The wasps have only themselves to consider, there are no larvae, and their preferred food is carbohydrates.
Wasps can cause very painful stings that stay swollen for a long time and itch badly.

Preventive measures and controls

  • Do not leave food uncovered
  • Never interfere with wasp nests, this is a job for a professional
  • Use insecticides against individual wasps

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Loading... WOODBORER

 

 

 

 

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